Disseminated toxoplasmosis in cardiac transplantation.
The first case of disseminated toxoplasmosis following cardiac transplantation in the UK is described, with details of Toxoplasma antibody tests made on other cardiac transplant patients. Sixteen of 40 (39%) of recipients had Toxoplasma antibody before operation. Eleven of 30 (37%) of donors had Toxoplasma antibody. The were four occasions when a negative recipient received a heart from a positive donor. Three survived the immediate postoperative period and two became infected with toxoplasmosis. The implications of this are discussed. Disseminated toxoplasmosis appears much more often when heart muscle from a dye test positive donor is given to a dye test negative recipient. Antibiotic therapy is limited by the fact that the antitoxoplasma drugs available are static in their effect, and need to be given for prolonged periods postoperatively.